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( Satoshi Kinoshita )

Series: Prints on paper: Portraits 3
Medium: Giclée on Japanese matte paper
Size (inches): 16.5 x 11.7 (paper size)
Size (mm): 420 x 297 (paper size)
Edition size: 25
Catalog #: PP_0200
Description: From an edition of 25. Signed, titled, date, copyright, edition in pencil on the reverse / Aside from the numbered edition of 5 artist's proofs and 2 printer's proofs.

"Sometimes people hold a core belief that is very strong. When they are
presented with evidence that works against that belief, the new
evidence cannot be accepted. It would create a feeling that is
extremely uncomfortable, called cognitive dissonance. And because it
is so important to protect the core belief, they will rationalize,
ignore and even deny anything that doesn't fit in with the core belief."

- Frantz Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks

Frantz Fanon -

Frantz Fanon (July 20, 1925 – December 6, 1961) was a Martiniquo[1] psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary and writer whose work is influential in the fields of post-colonial studies, critical theory and Marxism. Fanon is known as a radical existential humanist[2] thinker on the issue of decolonization and the psychopathology of colonization.[3]

Fanon supported the Algerian struggle for independence and became a member of the Algerian National Liberation Front. His life and works have incited and inspired anti-colonial liberation movements for more than four decades.[4]


Although Fanon wrote Black Skin, White Masks while still in France, most of his work was written while in North Africa. It was during this time that he produced works such as L'An Cinq, de la Révolution Algérienne in 1959 (Year Five of the Algerian Revolution, later republished as Sociology of a Revolution and later still as A Dying Colonialism). The irony of this was that Fanon's original title was "Reality of a Nation"; however, the publisher, Francois Maspero, refused to accept this title.

Fanon is best known for the classic on decolonization The Wretched of the Earth.[12] The Wretched of the Earth was first published in 1961 by François Maspero and has a preface by Jean-Paul Sartre.[13] In it Fanon analyzes the role of class, race, national culture and violence in the struggle for national liberation. Both books established Fanon in the eyes of much of the Third World as the leading anti-colonial thinker of the 20th century.

Fanon's three books were supplemented by numerous psychiatry articles as well as radical critiques of French colonialism in journals such as Esprit and El Moudjahid.

The reception of his work has been affected by English translations which are recognized to contain numerous omissions and errors, while his unpublished work, including his doctoral thesis, has received little attention. As a result, Fanon has often been portrayed as an advocate of violence and his ideas have been extremely oversimplified. This reductionist vision of Fanon's work ignores the subtlety of his understanding of the colonial system. For example, the fifth chapter of Black Skin, White Masks translates, literally, as "The Lived Experience of the Black," but Markmann's translation is "The Fact of Blackness," which leaves out the massive influence of phenomenology on Fanon's early work.[14]

For Fanon in The Wretched of the Earth, the colonizer's presence in Algeria is based sheerly on military strength. Any resistance to this strength must also be of a violent nature because it is the only 'language' the colonizer speaks. The relevance of language and the reformation of discourse pervades much of his work, which is why it is so interdisciplinary, spanning psychiatric concerns to encompass politics, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and literature.[citation needed]

His participation in the Algerian FLN (Front de Libération Nationale) from 1955 determined his audience as the Algerian colonized. It was to them that his final work, Les damnés de la terre (translated into English by Constance Farrington as The Wretched of the Earth) was directed. It constitutes a warning to the oppressed of the dangers they face in the whirlwind of decolonization and the transition to a neo-colonialist, globalized world.[15]


1. ^ http://www.bookrags.com/biography/frantz-fanon/
2. ^ Fanon & the Crisis of European Man, Lewis Gordon, New York, Routledge, 1995
3. ^ Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan, "Frantz Fanon And The Psychology Of Oppression" (1985: New York NY, Plenum Press
4. ^ Alice Cherki, "Frantz Fanon. Portrait" (2000: Paris, Seuil), David Macey, Frantz Fanon: A Biography (2000: New York, NY, Picador Press)

12. ^ Sartre, Jean-Paul. "Preface". Fanon, Franz. Black Skin, White Masks, transl. Charles Lam Markmann (1967: New York, Grove Press)
13. ^ "Extraits de la préface de Jean-Paul Sartre au "Les Damnés de la Terre" (Extracts from the preface by Jean-Paul Sartre to The Wretched of the Eeath)" (in French) (Winter 1996 ed.). Tambour Journal. Retrieved 2007-02-14.
14. ^ Moten, Fred (Spring 2008). "The Case of Blackness". Criticism 50 (2): 177–218. doi:10.1353/crt.0.0062.
15. ^ Two centuries ago, a former European colony decided to catch up with Europe. It succeeded so well that the United States of America became a monster, in which the taints, the sickness and the inhumanity of Europe have grown to appalling dimensions. Comrades, have we not other work to do than to create a third Europe? [...] It is a question of the Third World starting a new history of Man, a history which will have regard to the sometimes prodigious theses which Europe has put forward, but which will also not forget Europe’s crimes, of which the most horrible was committed in the heart of man, and consisted of the pathological tearing apart of his functions and the crumbling away of his unity. And in the framework of the collectivity there were the differentiations, the stratification and the bloodthirsty tensions fed by classes; and finally, on the immense scale of humanity, there were racial hatreds, slavery, exploitation and above all the bloodless genocide which consisted in the setting aside of fifteen thousand millions of men. So, comrades, let us not pay tribute to Europe by creating states, institutions and societies which draw their inspiration from her." The wretched of the earth – "Conclusions"


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Series Prints on paper: Portraits 3
Frantz Fanon/ 2011Isaac Asimov/ 2011Theo van Gogh/ 2011Mikhail Bakhtin/ 2011Marcel Proust/ 2011Orson Welles/ 2011Martin Heidegger/ 2011Alban Berg/ 2011Igor Stravinsky/ 2011Tom Dowd as a boy/ 2011Sri Aurobindo/ 2011György Ligeti/ 2011
Luigi Nono/ 2011Hermann Rorschach/ 2011Serge Gainsbourg/ 2011Paul Verlaine/ 2011Charles Baudelaire/ 2011Stéphane Mallarmé/ 2011Søren Kierkegaard/ 2011Françoise Sagan/ 2011Robert Mapplethorpe/ 2011Ed Wood in Glen or Glenda/ 2011The Amazing Criswell/ 2011Pierre Boulez/ 2011
Ron Geesin/ 2011Tokyo Rose/ 2011Lewis Carroll/ 2011Jan Švankmajer/ 2011Albert Camus/ 2011Raymond Jones/ 2011Fukusuke/ 2011Leonard Cohen/ 2011Gottlob Frege/ 2011Wolfman Jack/ 2011Lightnin' Hopkins/ 2011Rubin Carter/ 2011
Steve Reich/ 2011John H. Hammond/ 2011Billie Holiday/ 2011Nick Cave/ 2011Salvador Dalí/ 2011Man Ray/ 2011Thomas Edison/ 2011Carl Jung/ 2011Truman Capote/ 2011H. C. Speir/ 2012Buster Keaton/ 2012James Baldwin/ 2012
Alex Haley as a young man in the U.S. Coast Guard/ 2012Arthur C. Clarke/ 2012Stanley Kubrick/ 2012Dennis Hopper/ 2012Otto K. E. Heinemann/ 2012Jeff Buckley/ 2012Harriet Beecher Stowe/ 2012Woody Allen/ 2012Terry Riley/ 2012Albert Hofmann/ 2012Rick Griffin/ 2012Robert Crumb/ 2012
Stuart Sutcliffe/ 2012Klaus Voormann/ 2012Bill Graham/ 2012Jim Carroll/ 2012Abbie Hoffman/ 2012Al Jolson/ 2012George Eastman/ 2012George Bernard Shaw/ 2012Charlie Parker/ 2012Henri Rousseau/ 2012Guillaume Apollinaire/ 2012Marie Laurencin/ 2012
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